Four maps of the Second World War

From the collections of the Maps Department of the National Library of Russia

Mil. Geo. Plan von Leningrad. — 1:25 000. — Berlin: MillGeo.IV, 1941.

In early 1941, the General Headquarters of German Land Forces issued a series of detailed plans of the Soviet cities of Moscow, Kiev, Odessa, Pskov, and others to prepare for war with the Soviet Union. Among them was a detailed plan of Leningrad (Leningrad was the name for St. Petersburg in 1924-1990), presented here. It was based on the plan of Leningrad, published by the Leningrad City Executive Committee in 1936, and enlarged by information from reference books of the Leningrad Council of People's Deputies. In 1941, the plan was revised, some names of the city parts, rivers, canals, streets were translated into German. The plan shows the locations of troops, ammunition depots, main command bodies and other military information. It features both the military and civil objects. During the battle for Leningrad, the plan was updated with corrections made with the help of aerial photographs and by espionage agents.

General-Major B. Bychevsky, the Chief of Engineers of the Leningrad Front and author of the memoirs The City­Front, wrote in his book, 'On the eve of dawn [on 9 September 1941], I returned to the Smolny and met the secretary of the Party Committee Alexey Kuznetsov. He told me that a detailed plan of Leningrad with an explanatory note on the locations of almost all Party and government institutions and major enterprises was found in the jacket pocket of a German officer killed in action near the village of Skvoritsy. Alexey angrily said that all this information was gleaned from the directory of the Leningrad Council of People's Deputies.'

[B. B. Bychevsky. The City-Front. Leningrad: Lenizdat, 1967. P. 93.]